On December 31, 2020, a new report was published that studies Satoshi Nakamotoâ€™s writing style, the creatorâ€™s use of expressions, and spelling. The new examination shows Satoshiâ€™s spelling and American and British wording indicates it was very inconsistent and littered with misspellings as well. The research suggests the inconsistencies might have been done purposefully and were possibly part of the inventorâ€™s operations security.
A Closer Look at Satoshi Nakamotoâ€™s Spelling and the Inventorâ€™s American and British English Writing Techniques
One of the most intriguing stories in the cryptocurrency space is the mysterious Satoshi Nakamoto, the man, woman, or group that created bitcoin. Over the last 12 years, people have dedicated lots of time toward searching for the Bitcoin inventorâ€™s location, Satoshiâ€™s writing patterns, and the many messages that Satoshi wrote before leaving the community. On the eve of 2021, a study published on the website ungeared.com called â€œThe Strange Story of Satoshi Nakamotoâ€™s Spelling Choices: Part 1,â€ a study that looks into the Satoshi Nakamoto mystery.
The researchers at ungeared.com scrutinized Satoshi Nakamotoâ€™s writing style, misspellings, and the use of American and British-English expressions found throughout the creatorâ€™s many messages. Ungeared.comâ€™s study also discusses how people often talk about Satoshiâ€™s use of British-English and how thereâ€™s been a number of stylometry investigations that produced little results. The researcherâ€™s examination also mentions the series of controversial Satoshi videos published by the popular Youtuber â€œBarely Sociable.â€
â€œWe decided to subject Satoshiâ€™s known writings (emails, posts, and the Bitcoin white paper) to a more rigorous statistical analysis,â€ explained the ungeared.com researchers. â€œIn the first part of this study, we examine his spelling patterns.â€ The studyâ€™s author adds:
The report stresses that the focus on spelling is a â€œmore objective mathematical approach and is also less time-consuming.â€ So the researchers combed through all of Satoshiâ€™s words and identified a number of interesting instances. â€œWe managed to identify 108 such instances. The breakdown of these 108 occurrences is as follows: American â€“ 52, British â€“ 35 and Misspelled â€“ 21,â€ the report notes. Ungeared.comâ€™s report continues:
The report found that from the very start Satoshiâ€™s spelling was â€œinconsistent.â€ For example, the author notes how the Bitcoin inventorâ€™s white paper has the British spelling â€œfavour.â€ However, at the end of the paper Satoshi used the American-English term â€œcharacterized,â€ as opposed to writing the British spelling â€œcharacterised.â€
â€œThere is no apparent pattern to Satoshiâ€™s spelling choices,â€ the author writes. â€œMoreover, at times, Satoshi would choose different spelling norms for the same word (or words belonging to the same stem group).â€
Were Satoshiâ€™s Inconsistencies Intentional? Or Was Nakamoto a Group of Multiple British and American Team Members?
The study summarized all the instances when Satoshi alternated between differing spelling techniques and found six other days with these instances in addition to the white paper. Ungeared.comâ€™s study highlights the instance when Satoshi chose to use the word â€œoptimizationâ€ and the same day he wrote â€œoptimisation.â€ Additionally, the paper discusses spelling patterns consisting of both American and British during specific days of the week.
â€œWhile Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays are dominated by American spelling, Tuesdays, Fridays, and Sundays are split more or less evenly between the two, and finally, and on Thursdays, British English takes hold,â€ the author states. â€œAlthough it is not clear what conclusions can be drawn from this as this could be random too. We can also clearly see that Mondays were by far the busiest days of the week for Satoshi, followed by lazy Tuesdays.â€
In addition, the report looks at whether or not the writing could be Canadian and it scrutinizes Satoshiâ€™s use of American terminology as well. The study concludes that Satoshi did not habitually use a spell-checker and the inconsistencies of the inventorâ€™s writings couldâ€™ve been done purposefully.
â€œIt is possible that this was part of the plan all along â€“ to throw us off his trail with irregular spelling,â€ Ungeared.comâ€™s study concludes. â€œAnother is that the Satoshi team consisted of multiple team members who were accustomed to different versions of the English language. Or perhaps, Satoshi was multicultural, someone who has lived in different parts of the English-speaking world â€“ or, for instance, just someone who was born in the U.K. and then has worked as a programmer for a U.S.-centric company. And finally, it is possible that one of the Englishes was part of his operational security but Satoshi was inconsistent.â€
Greg Maxwell Asks r/Bitcoin Admins to Remove a Thread About the Satoshi Spelling Study
Another interesting fact about this story, is that moderators from the Reddit forum r/bitcoin decided to remove a post about the study published by ungeared.com. It seems the former Blockstream software developer, Greg Maxwell, known as â€œnullcâ€ on Reddit, didnâ€™t like the study for some reason. After some debate, Maxwell then asked the moderator dubbed â€œbashcoâ€ to â€œdo somethingâ€ about the post and the moderators quickly took down the Reddit post on r/bitcoin.
The r/bitcoin moderators have been censoring quite some time, but this report wasnâ€™t anti-bitcoin or pro-big block in any way, the author of the report told news.Bitcoin.com. â€œThey just canâ€™t tolerate any dissent,â€ he said.
â€œI think he got frustrated that he couldnâ€™t win an intellectual debate, so he did what they do best â€“ censor, block, and deplatform,â€ the researcher further told our newsdesk. The author also told news.Bitcoin.com about the next part of the series.
â€œIn the second part of our study, we will apply the â€˜Information categorization approach to literary authorship disputesâ€™ developed by Dr. Albert Yang et al to the texts of popular Satoshi candidates to see if it can help identify the man or men who created Bitcoin,â€ the ungeared.com author said. â€œDr. Yang managed to apply it successfully to such distinct cases as the attribution of Chinese 18th-century novels, Shakespearean plays, and the Federalist Papers.â€
What do you think about the latest report on Satoshiâ€™s writing and spelling? Let us know what you think about this subject in the comments section below.
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