Bitcoin surged Monday to a new all-time-high price of $19,864, extending its year-to-date rise to an astounding 170% during a 2020 that has seen tumultuous swings in global markets.
Here are five reasons why the oldest and largest cryptocurrency has pushed to new highs.
1) Some institutional investors are taking on bitcoin exposure, such as buying into the publicly traded Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (stock ticker GBTC), according to a Nov. 20 report from analysts at JPMorgan Chase. (Note: Grayscale is a unit of Digital Currency Group, which owns CoinDesk.) Guggenheim, a money manager that oversees $233 billion for investors, said in regulatory filings that its Macro Opportunities Fund might allocate up to 10% of net assets to GBTC, CoinDesk reported Nov. 28. As well, the outstanding number of bitcoin futures contracts is surging on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, seen as another sign that big investors are using commodities markets to speculate on the cryptocurrencyâ€™s price, according to the JPMorgan report.
2) Well-known hedge fund managers are increasingly calling bitcoin a long-term investment. Legendary managers, including Paul Tudor Jones II and Stanley Druckenmiller, have recently said that the cryptocurrencyâ€™s price, as denominated in U.S. dollars, could rise as the Federal Reserve prints money to help finance the governmentâ€™s coronavirus-related emergency stimulus bills. The central bank has thus far created more than $3 trillion of new money in 2020, or more than three quarters of the entire amount created during its prior 107-year history.
3) Wall Street analysts have made positive comments over the past few days. AllianceBernstein, a $631 billion money manager, published a report saying that the post-pandemic economic environment could create a role for bitcoin in investorsâ€™ asset allocation, CoinDesk reported Monday. Inigo Fraser Jenkins, co-head of the portfolio strategy team at Bernstein Research, wrote that when it comes to a role in hedging against inflation, â€œthe driver of bitcoin is similar to that as for gold.â€
4) PayPal is allowing customers â€“ some 346 million active accounts â€“ to buy bitcoin. The person-to-person payments network announced Oct. 21 it would let customers buy, sell and hold bitcoin. According to the company, the cryptocurrency will become a â€œfunding source for purchases at its 26 million merchants worldwide.â€
5) The bitcoin market last week overcame a major source of concern â€“ bitcoin outflows from one of the worldâ€™s biggest cryptocurrency exchanges, OKEx. Some traders and analysts had speculated that the end of a five-week suspension of withdrawals might translate to liquidations that could put sell pressure on the bitcoin market. And data extracted from the cryptocurrencyâ€™s underlying blockchain network showed that some 24,631 bitcoin, worth $500 million at current prices, flowed out of the exchange in the 24 hours after the suspension was lifted last week. But bitcoin price action shows that the market shrugged off the news, along with other negative developments, such as rumors that the U.S. Treasury Department might be considering onerous cryptocurrency regulations. Traders also appeared to ignore data showing that some large bitcoin traders â€“ known as â€œwhalesâ€ â€“ might be preparing to dump their holdings in response to the cryptocurrencyâ€™s price rise.